Saturday 30 September 2023
This paperback I read about 25 years ago. In the western section at my library. It is part of a series of novels ranging from the F&I to Pontiac and on to the Revwar which is this one. It is packaged like a western paperback. You can pick up a copy for a few quid on ebay.
Excerpt from the book on Indian warfare.
Lee, Wayne E. The Cutting-Off Way: Indigenous Warfare in Eastern North America, 1500-1800. (Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Press, 2023),177. See here
Native Americans contributed materially to the British war effort, but their help proved expensive. Indian Agent John Stuart argued that despite high costs “we have not been able to do it without them,” and indeed the numbers could be impressive: in the first ten months of 1781 some seventy-five war parties totaling almost 3,000 warriors set out from Fort Niagara. But the situation at Niagara illustrates the difficulties of balancing costs and effectiveness. After the rebels' 1779 campaign into Iroquois country, Niagara became a refugee center with approximately 5,000 Indians camped in the area all demanding provisions. Costs for maintaining the women, children, and some warriors ballooned to £100,000 in 1781. Bruce Wilson calculates that the cost of "provisioning the Indians at the three major upper forts, Niagara, Detroit and Michilimackinac, reportedly exceeded the cost of the whole military establishment in Canada exclusive of provisions.” In contrast, during the French and Indian War Lord Loudoun's staff calculated that a regiment of 1,000 colonial rangers cost £42,400 in its first year of operations, slightly less thereafter, a cost considered exorbitant at the time. British General John Burgoyne claimed, with some exaggeration, that 1,000 Indian warriors cost more than 20,000 regulars. Thus, although the British had a potentially large pool of motivated Indian allies, they needed substantial resources to keep them, and frequently their dependents, on task. The Seminoles in Florida arrived in large numbers to assist the British, but lack of resources obliged British officials to turn them away. East Florida's governor, Patrick Tonyn, complained that he remained powerless without an ability to supply the Seminoles, leaving him "invested with the mere shadow of authority.”
Thursday 28 September 2023
Tuesday 26 September 2023
Hadden's journal and orderly books : a journal kept in Canada and upon Burgoyne's campaign in 1776 and 1777Bookreader Item Preview Appendix No. 7. 429 345. 34M. p. P. 54.0. 3SM. p. p. 333, 334, note. a^D. K. K. 346, 327. 37M. P. P. 352, 541. s^D. Z. Z. 771. »M. X. 2-5. ""B. K : B. L.] NO. T. Sir Guy Carleton, Afterwards Lord Dorchester. The family of Carleton is very old. Guy Carleton was the third son of Christopher Carleton, of Newry, County Down, Ireland, by his wife, Catherine, daughter of Henry Ball, and was born at Strabane, Ireland, Sept. 3, 1724.* He began his military career in the Guards at an early age, and was promoted to a lieutenancy in the First Foot Guards July 22, 1751, and to a captain-lieutenancy therein June 18, 1757; which last promotion gave him the rank of lieutenant-colonel in the army," In the campaign in Germany in 1757, he acted as aid to the Duke of Cumberland^ ; and in 1758 he embarked with Gen. Amherst for the siege of Louisbourg, where his active exertions obtained him considerable credit. ^ On the 24th of August, 1758, he was made the lieut. -colonel of the 72d Foot."* The next year, when Gen. Wolfe was officering his expedition against Quebec, he selected Lieut. -Colonel Carleton for his quarter master general ; but as this officer had given offence to the king, the appointment was secured only through the persistence of the Earl of Chatham, then Mr. Pitt. The anecdote is told at length in Beatson's Naval and 43 o Appendix No. 7. Military Memoirs, vol. iii, 226, note 142. At the same time Lieut. -Colonel Carleton was likewise appointed a colonel in America only.^ On Wolfe's expedition he rendered important services and was singled out as a proper officer to be detached with an adequate force to secure a post on the western point of the Isle d'Orleans, a service which he effectually performed. Sometime after he was again detached to dislodge the French from Point au Trempe, twenty miles distant from Quebec, where he was equally successfuls ; and at the battle on the Heights of Abraham, Sept. 13, 1759, he was wounded, receiving a ball in the head, which, it was feared, had fractured his skull. ^ He took part in the battle of St. Foy, April 28, 1760, and continued to serve in Canada for some time under Gen. Murray. 7 On the expedition against Belle Isle, on the coast of France, he acted as one of the brigadier generals ; and Gen. Hodgson, who commanded, gave him flattering mention in the official dispatches. 4 Feb. 19, 1762, he became a colonel in the army^' ; and he soon after embarked for the siege of Havannah, in which expedition he acted as the quarter master general of the British force under the Earl of Albemarle.^ On the loth of the following June he was detached from the camp into the woods between Coximar and the Moro, with a body of light infantry and grenadiers, and on the nth he carried the Spanish redoubt upon Moro Hill, estriblishing a post there. His success cost him a wound, for which, however, the brilliant reputation and the ample share of prize money he gained were doubtless sufficient compensation.'' In 1763, he was commissioned as the colonel of the 93d Foot, but soon after the peace of that year his regiment was reduced and he went upon (549 of 710) Favorite Share Flag textsHadden's journal and orderly books : a journal kept in Canada and upon Burgoyne's campaign in 1776 and 1777
Monday 25 September 2023
|Saint-Sauveur (France, 1757-1810), Labrousse (France, Bordeaux, active late 18th century)||Title||Costumes de Différents Pays, 'Guerrier Iroquois'||Description||English:||France, circa 1797||Prints; engravings||Hand-tinted engraving on paper|
From With Burgoyne From Quebec.
"Whenever they scalp, the seize the head of the disabled or dead enemy, and placing one of their feet on the neck, twist their left hand in the hair, by which means they extend the skin that covers the top of the head, and with the other hand draw their scalping knife from their breast, which is always kept in good order for this cruel purpose, a few dextrous strokes of which takes off the part that is termed the scalp; they are so exceedingly expeditious in doing this, that it scarcely exceeds a minute. If the hair is short, and they have no purchase with their hand, they stoop, and with their teeth strip it off; when they performed this part of their martial virtue as soon as time permits, they tie with bark or deer sinews their speaking trophies of blood in a small hoop, to preserve it from stupefaction, painting part of the scalp and the hoop all round with red. These they preserve as monuments of their prowess, and at the same time as proofs of the vengeance they have inflicted on their enemies."
Thursday 21 September 2023
Tuesday 19 September 2023
Monday 18 September 2023
Thursday 14 September 2023
Wednesday 13 September 2023
Sunday 10 September 2023
This book from 1893 is available to read free if you have an interest. Here is a sample bit on the formation of Butler's Rangers.
Butler went to Quebec to settle his accounts, taking with him three of the principal chiefs to present them to the Governor. He then renewed his proposal to raise a battalion of rangers to serve with the Indians, to which Sir Guy Carleton readily consented, and furnished him with “beating orders” for the enlistment of eight companies, each composed of a captain, a lieutenant, three sergeants, three corporals, and fifty privates. Two of these companies were to be formed of “people speaking the Indian language and acquainted with their customs and manner of making war,” and were to receive four shillings, New York currency, a day. The remaining companies, “to be composed of people well acquainted with the woods, in consideration of the fateague they are liable to undergo,” were to receive two shillings a day. The whole were required to clothe and arm themselves entirely at their own expense. This was considered extremely high pay, and it was subsequently estimated by General Haldimand that these eight companies of rangers cost the Government as much as twenty companies of regular infantry.
From The Burning of the Valleys G. K. Watt
Putman observed the Indians’ methods of setting the fires, “. . . one of the party . . . after swinging a fire-brand several times over his head until it blazed, applied it to the well-filled barns which were soon in flames . . . several of the party fired their guns into a number of stacks and barracks of grain . . .”
|Image from John Ford's Drums Along the Mohawk|
Friday 8 September 2023
King's Royal Regiment of New York by Don Troiani. This is apparently how they appeared at the investment of Fort Stanwix and the Battle of Oriskany. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/King%27s_Royal_Regiment_of_New_York
From Kronoskaf - order of battle Lake George 1755L
Order of Battle
British Order of Battle
Commander: Major-General William Johnson
Provincial (2,932 effective men as per the returns of August 17, 18 and 19)
1st Massachusetts Provincials (about 450 men) under Colonel Timothy Ruggles
2nd Massachusetts Provincials (about 450 men) under Colonel Moses Titcomb
3rd Massachusetts Provincials (about 450 men) under Colonel Ephraim Williams
1st Connecticut Provincials (about 450 men) under Major-General Lyman
2nd Connecticut Provincials (about 450 men) under Lieutenant-Colonel Whiting
Rhode Island Provincials (about 250 men) under Lieutenant-Colonel Cole
New York Provincials (3 coys from Connecticut totaling about 200 men) many settlers in upstate New York came from Connecticut
Mohawk Indians (about 250 men)
French Order of Battle
Commander: Baron Ludwig August Dieskau seconded by M. de Montreuil
French regulars (220 men)
Languedoc Infanterie (2 coys)
La Reine Infanterie (2 coys)
Troupes de la Marine (12 men)
Milices Canadiennes (684 men)
Resident Indians (678 men) aka Mission Indians
Thursday 7 September 2023
Wednesday 6 September 2023
Sunday 3 September 2023
This maker of figures is working on miniatures based around the theme Braddock's disaster. First up Natives and Canadians followed by B...
This is the first stage of an excellent project. This is the corner tower of a recreation of the fort in the movie Drums Along the Mohawk...
This came out in 1984. Was an excellent addition to a small set of books.